Adjective Clause

Adjective Clause

Adjective clause adalah klausa yang berfungsi sebagai adjektiva. Seperti telah kita ketahui, adjektiva adalah kata yang menerangkan nomina. Jadi, adjective clause juga berfungsi demikian, yaitu memberi keterangan pada nomina.

Adjective clause dimulai dengan relative pronoun atau relative adverb.

Berikut ini beberapa contoh adjective clause:

Adjective clause dengan relative pronoun
Contoh:
The man who is sitting over there is my father.
The book which you bought yesterday is very interesting.
This is the place that I visited some years ago.
Mr. Bambang whose son is my friend is presenting a paper in a seminar.

Adjective clause dengan relative adverb
Contoh:
This is the reason why she did it.
The time when the plane takes off and lands will be changed soon.
Palembang is the place where I was born.

Dalam contoh-contoh di atas bisa kita lihat bahwa adjective clause tersebut menerangkan nomina yang ada di depannya (antecedent).
Misalnya:
Adjective clause who is sitting over there menerangkan nomina the man.
Adjective clause why she did it menerangkan nomina the reason.

http://free-english-lesson.blogspot.com/2007/05/adjective-clause.html

adjective Clause digunakan untuk memberi keterangan, identitas, dan informasi lain kepada katabenda (Antecedent). Dalam struktur Adjective Clause ditandai dengan Relative Pronoun, yaitu: who, whom, whose, which, when, where, why, dan that.

Berdasarkan pada the Antecedent yang ditunjuk oleh introductory words (kata-kata pendahulunya), Adjective Clause dapat diklasifikasikan menjadi 2 macam, yaitu:

1. Relative Pronoun

Yaitu Adjective Clause dengan memakai kata penghubung Relative Pronoun.

  • Kata Ganti Orang Kata Penghubung yang digunakan adalah : Who, Whom, Whose, That

    Fungsi :

    a. Subjek:

    – He paid the money to the man who / that had done the work

    b. Objek Kata Kerja:

    – He paid the man whom/that he had hired.

    c. Objek Kata Depan:

    – He paid the man from whom he had borrowed the money.

    d. Kata Ganti Kepunyaan:

    – This is the girl whose picture you saw.

  • Benda, BinatangKata Penghubung yang digunakan adalah: Which, that

    Fungsi:

    a. Subjek:

    – Here is a book which/that describes animals.

    b. Objek Kata Kerja:

    – The chair which/that he broke is being repaired.

    c. Objek Kata Depan:

    – She was wearing the coat for which she had paid $2,00.

2. Relative Adverbs

  • Waktu Kata Penghubung yang digunakan: when

    – This is the year when the Olympic Games are held.

  • Tempat Kata Penghubung yang digunakan: where

    – Here is the house where I live.

  • Alasan Kata Penghubung yang digunakan: when

    – Give me one good reason why you did that.

2. Relative Adverb

Pelajaran tentang ini dibahas lebih lengkap pada Relative Clause. Hal-hal yang perlu ditambahkan di sini, yaitu:

  • Kata Why (yang menunjukkan alasan) yang menjadi Adverb penghubung, mungkin (kadang-kadang) dapat digantikan dengan that atau kadang-kadang dapat dihilangkan dalam kalimat.- The reason (that) I came should be obvious to you.
    – The reason (why) I came should be obvious to you.
    – The reason I came should be obvious to you.
  • When atau Where Bering dapat Baling ditukarkan dengan Preposition yang menunjukkan tempat (a preposition of Place) ditambah dengan Which.- The small town in which (= where) I was born has grown to a large metropolis.
    – The day on which (= when) they were to leave finally arrived.

Beberapa Hal Penting yang Berkaitan dengan Adjective Clause
Perhatikan Contoh berikut:

a. Adjective Clause

* The girl who is sitting next to me is Lisa.
==> The boy is playing the piano is Bent.

b. Adjective Phrase

* The girl sitting next to me is Lisa.
==> The boy playing the piano is Bent.

http://ismailmidi.com/berita-87-adjective-clause.html

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